收藏本站
收藏 | 手机打开
二维码
手机客户端打开本文

转型时期俄罗斯国内政治发展与俄美关系的演变

袁胜育  
【摘要】:During its transition period, the progress of Russian domestic politics correlates much with the U.S. - Russian relations' evolvement. The correlation is mainly shown as, the development of Russian domestic politics not only influence its diplomatic strategy positioning and policy toward U.S., but also is the starting point and important ground for the United States to make its policy toward Russia. The transition of Russian domestic politics is on the whole the process of replacing the traditional Soviet Union Communism mode with western Capitalism mode. Since Gorbachev started the reforming process for Soviet Union in mid 80's, Russia has almost realized the transition from Communism to Capitalism after years of gradual transforming from late 80's to the 90's. Parliament democracy, balance of the executive, legislative and judicial powers, multi-party politics, free voting and multiple ideas have been rooted in Russian political life. The regime in place in Russia today is radically different from the one-party autocracy that ruled the Soviet Union for seven decades. Corresponding to the changes taken place in Russian political progress, the U.S. - Russian relations also essentially changed from the former U.S. -Soviet Union relations during Cold War. Russia has gradually given up its diplomatic strategy and policy toward the United States, which were once full of ideological confrontation. What's mor e, the interior change in Russia also agreed with the U.S.' ultimate strategic goal toward Russia. Therefore, along with the Russian political transition from traditional mode to Capitalism "Democratic Mode", the U.S. - Russian relations ended the history of hostility and confrontation. The bilateral relations from then on have made unprecedented progress in each area, and on the whole, maintained the trend of dialog and cooperation. The Russian social transition is a process full of conflicts and clashes. As the Russian transition needs to replace one social system with another one, this tremendous change inevitably will cause complex contradictions, which will consequently bring great shocks to different social societies. The severe conflicts among political forces representing different social societies exist along the whole transition era. Serious economic and social crisis have resulted in obvious social and racial splits. All political forces representing different social benefits raised their reigning creed and policies. The Parliament Election, Presidential Voting, as well as domestic and foreign policies were all surrounded with severe conflicts. Although the opponent force represented by Communist Party did not shake the reigning status of the present regime, nor was the whole trend of Russian political transition turned, the conflicts among different political forces have nevertheless influenced the transition process and direction to some extent. The different political forces representing corresponding social levels hold different, or worse, tit for tat opinions toward the future of Russian development, as well as toward the foreign strategy and policy to the United States. Thus, when the westernizing reforming in Russia entered the tight corner, the Russian administration's diplomatic strategy and policy toward the United States became the blaming targets of some parties, which worsened the Russian domestic regime crisis, and consequently pushed the reigning hand make large adjustments on the policy toward the United States. At the same time, the complex situation in Russian political structure would push the United States make corresponding adjustments to its policy toward Russia. On one hand, the United States are always trying to maintain the "Democratization" process in Russia; while on the other hand, the United States are strengthening on policy of "Weakening" Russia, for fear of the resurgence of traditional regime. Therefore, the U.S. -Russian relations have entered a period of turbulence since mid 90's. The United States and Russia have had conflicts and divergences over a series of affai


知网文化
【相似文献】
中国期刊全文数据库 前20条
1 冯玉军;;当前俄美关系透视[J];紫光阁;2004年04期
2 蔡湫元;;乌克兰危机以来的俄美关系困境再思考[J];北京印刷学院学报;2019年03期
3 刘军;;俄美关系发展的前瞻性分析[J];国际关系研究;2017年01期
4 陈宇;孙成昊;;俄美关系的虚幻与真实[J];世界知识;2017年15期
5 易鑫磊;;冷战后俄美关系中的观念因素——多变量视角分析[J];东北亚学刊;2016年01期
6 ;俄美关系:磕磕绊绊新一年[J];党员干部之友;2019年03期
7 吴非;胡逢瑛;;俄美关系:谨防“新冷战”变真冷战[J];党政论坛(干部文摘);2016年12期
8 张恒;;漫长的贤者时间[J];青年文学家;2017年10期
9 ;国际[J];祖国;2017年09期
10 王宪举;;俄罗斯与美欧关系降到谷底以及转圜的可能性[J];俄罗斯经济与政治发展研究报告;2016年00期
11 王郦久;;俄美关系转圜意愿强烈,难度较大[J];和平与发展;2013年04期
12 张健荣;;重启俄美关系路漫漫[J];社会观察;2010年04期
13 马斌;;俄美关系调整及其走向[J];学习月刊;2010年21期
14 左凤荣;;俄美关系走势分析[J];学术探索;2009年02期
15 徐斌;;瞬间,影像的微言大义——析《俄美关系降温》[J];新闻实践;2008年02期
16 马群;;“9.11”之后俄美关系的发展与走向[J];理论学习;2006年02期
17 郭隆隆;“非敌非友”的俄美关系[J];国际展望;2004年10期
18 王振华;浅析俄罗斯的国际定位及俄美关系走向[J];欧洲研究;2004年03期
19 夏义善;“9.11”事件后的俄美关系[J];和平与发展;2003年01期
20 赵鸣文;伊拉克战后的俄美关系[J];和平与发展;2003年04期
中国博士学位论文全文数据库 前3条
1 袁胜育;转型时期俄罗斯国内政治发展与俄美关系的演变[D];华东师范大学;2004年
2 赵淑芳;普京执政以来的俄美关系[D];中共中央党校;2005年
3 张建;决策者—精英—民众视角下的俄罗斯国际观研究(2000-2016)[D];外交学院;2017年
中国硕士学位论文全文数据库 前10条
1 弗拉基米尔(VLADIMIR GARKAVYI);乌克兰危机后俄罗斯对美外交走向研究[D];南京大学;2019年
2 孙景民;冷战后俄美关系析论[D];中共中央党校;2001年
3 张静;普京时代对美外交政策的演变分析[D];上海国际问题研究所;2009年
4 李兴华;新时期俄美间经济外交研究[D];黑龙江大学;2013年
5 韩彦国;“9·11”后俄美能源合作及其前景展望[D];河北师范大学;2010年
6 刘丽;试析俄、美对外高加索的争夺[D];山西大学;2010年
7 邓春晖;试论俄美反恐合作[D];武汉大学;2003年
8 谢真真;俄美关系“重启”及其对中俄关系的影响与对策研究[D];山东大学;2013年
9 傅亚东;冷战后俄美关系的演变及趋势[D];西南政法大学;2009年
10 张岭涛;新世纪俄美关系中的战略性矛盾及前景[D];山东大学;2009年
中国重要报纸全文数据库 前10条
1 本报记者 冯升;新年度,俄美关系难有转机[N];解放军报;2019年
2 美国斯坦福大学访问学者、外交学院国际关系研究所副教授 刘莹;俄美关系将迎来怎样的变局[N];环球时报;2018年
3 ;普特会能让俄美关系反弹多高[N];环球时报;2018年
4 中国青年报·中青在线驻俄罗斯记者 张健;美国结束“通俄门”调查 俄美关系仍难缓和[N];中国青年报;2019年
5 ;乐见美俄改善关系,北京说的很有底气[N];环球时报;2019年
6 本报驻俄罗斯记者 殷新宇;俄美关系短期内很难转圜[N];人民日报;2019年
7 李抒音 军事科学院战争研究院;俄美关系恐难取得新突破[N];解放军报;2018年
8 中国青年报·中青在线驻欧盟记者 鞠辉 驻俄罗斯记者 张健;“特工中毒”事件致俄欧、俄美关系剑拔弩张[N];中国青年报;2018年
9 本报驻俄罗斯记者 关健斌;间谍案涂黑俄美关系 俄罗斯讥为侦探小说[N];中国青年报;2010年
10 本报驻俄罗斯记者 关健斌;“重启”“超负荷”的俄美关系[N];中国青年报;2009年
中国知网广告投放
 快捷付款方式  订购知网充值卡  订购热线  帮助中心
  • 400-819-9993
  • 010-62982499
  • 010-62783978