收藏 | 手机打开


【摘要】: For the past 50 years the world has been a witness to a steady globalization process. That process stimulates not only economy but also cultural and social development. The European integration is a clear example of such modern change. From past accessions to the EU of different countries we have learnt that it is definitely a crucial step for future development for many countries. Rapid economic development, in terms of trade increase, foreign investment increase or structural funds that are provided, is a positive, and quite sudden outcome of joining the EU. That can be possible thanks to many requirements that must be met before successful incorporation to the community. Adjustment of laws, structural changes in industries, openness to the world, fiscal consolidation, construction of infrastructure all are long-term advantages. Poland's accession to the European Union (EU) can be seen as a great milestone in any aspect of country's development. Joining the EU allowed Poland to revitalize its political and economic relations with the international community. Accession to the EU of any country usually provides a range of new opportunities: accelerates economic development, increase in gross domestic product, improvement of competitiveness of economy, just to name few of them. Poland's accession to the EU took place on 1 May 2004. On the same day the other nine countries obtained full-right membership. It was the biggest enlargement of the Union in its history. It was also a start of a new chapter for the whole continent. The year 2004 EU enlargement was not an easy task for both EU and candidate countries. The decision to join the EU was not a simple decision made by governments. There was a need for extended information for citizens. From the very beginning the support for accession to the EU in Poland was huge and its rate achieved approximately 70% of whole population which proves that although there are costs of accession the majority of Poles see their country to be fully committed to the values and interests shared through membership. Poland sees the first benefits of its accession. From 2006 until now there is a continuous economic growth which reached 6,5% at the end of 2007. There is also a steady trend in decreasing unemployment rate and rising household disposable income which resulted in significant growth in consumption. At the end of 2003 (just right before joining the EU) the unemployment rate reached 20%, average salary stood at the level of EUR 537 and inflow of foreign direct investment (FDI) was EUR 3.7 billion. After four years of membership at the end of 2007 all above mentioned indicators changed significantly. Unemployment rate declined to 11.4%, average salary rose to EUR 850 and FDI reached level of EUR 12.8 billion. All these positive information could be related among other reasons to direct support and utilization of pre-accession and structural funds granted to Poland. In 2007 transfers from EU budget exceeded EUR 8 billion which accounted for over 2% of Poland's GDP. These funds have a direct impact on Poland's economy and development. Poland has already gained a lot thanks to the accession to the EU, but the biggest benefits are actually still ahead of the country, as comparing to Spain's achievements. Since both countries share some common historical background and similar economic situation in the accession process (at some stages) the benefits and costs would be also similar. Indeed, comparison proves that to be true. Of course a simple comparison between Poland and Spain economic and social situation and developments do not show the whole complexity of the ongoing integration processes. But according to statistics and surveys launched by the European Commission and member-countries the overall situation at some point of continuous development of particular country can be described. Joining the EU usually stimulates a dynamic increase in GDP of new countries. That was the case in Greece, Spain, Portugal and so is in Poland. Since joining the EU in 2004 Poland's GDP ratio is well above EU's and world's average level which represents the boost to the economy which was also stimulated by the EU accession. The same situation experienced Spain which GDP annual growth in the years 1986 - 1990 was 5% on average. A several adjustments to foreign trade and foreign direct investments regulations were done in Poland as required by the EU. Thanks to new policies aimed at more freely external trade along with favorable policies for foreign investments helped Poland to significantly increase its exports and imports. Also in case of Spain the joining of the single European market allowed greatly to develop local economy. Unemployment is a serious problem which cannot be solved within the EU for many years. Bearing in mind the Spain's experience it was expected that unemployment rate in Poland would decrease after accession. Indeed it was a case, but it should be pointed out that not only the accession to the EU helped Poland but also favorable situation in the global economy which experienced boom since the year 2003.

中国期刊全文数据库 前20条
1 Chen Long;Cui Enhui;;A Good Beginning: Polish Small Satellite Hevelius[J];Aerospace China;2014年03期
2 ;Civil Society Polish House Delegation Visits China[J];International Understanding;2006年02期
3 ;ACOUSTICAL NEWS[J];Chinese Journal of Acoustics;1988年03期
4 ;Polish Translation of Jingpingmei Published[J];China & World Cultural Exchange;1994年05期
5 Joanna Raszeja-Wyszomirska;Grzegorz Kurzawski;Malgorzata Lawniczak;Joanna Miezynska-Kurtycz;Jan Lubinski;;Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and HFE gene mutations:A Polish study[J];World Journal of Gastroenterology;2010年20期
6 ;A New Chapter for Poland and Chinese-Polish Cooperation[J];China's Foreign Trade;2004年08期
8 ;The Polish Mayors'Delegation Visits China[J];Voice of Friendship;1995年04期
9 Agnieszka WYPYCH;Zbigniew USTRNUL;Dirk R.SCHMATZ;;Long-term variability of air temperature and precipitation conditions in the Polish Carpathians[J];Journal of Mountain Science;2018年02期
10 ;Description for the photo – Joanna Fidelus-Orzechowska[J];Journal of Mountain Science;2018年12期
11 ;Average Sample-path Optimality for Continuous-time Markov Decision Processes in Polish Spaces[J];Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica(English Series);2011年04期
12 ;Sino-Polish Friendshis Tea Party[J];Voice of Friendship;1998年03期
13 LANCE MAUGHAN;;Up the Poles[J];China Today;2007年11期
14 ;Polish Olympic Stamps and Chopin Posters Displayed in Beijing[J];China & the World Cultural Exchange;2008年06期
15 ISAKOW Zbigniew;KRZYSTANEK Zdzislaw;TRENCZEK Stanistaw;WOJTAS Piotr;;Gas and rock-bump hazard monitoring in the Polish mining[J];Journal of Coal Science & Engineering(China);2009年03期
16 ;Polish Economy:Great Potential for Business Cooperation with China——Interview with Andrzej Kaczmarek,Polish Economics Ministry Vice Minister[J];China's Foreign Trade;2006年23期
17 WIERZBICKI Miroslaw;;Gas and coal outbursts in Polish mines-causes and assessing methods[J];西安科技大学学报;2011年06期
18 Emanuel Kulczycki;Przemys?aw Korytkowski;;Redesigning the Model of Book Evaluation in the Polish Performance-based Research Funding System[J];Journal of Data and Information Science;2018年04期
19 ;Extracts of Letters from Central and Eastern European NGOs[J];International Understanding;2012年01期
20 Wieslaw Klimczak;;A Letter of Congratulations from Chairman Wieslaw Klimczak of the Civil Association “Polish House” to President Zhou Tienong of CAFIU[J];International Understanding;2011年02期
中国重要会议论文全文数据库 前4条
1 ;Discounted Optimality for Continuous-Time Markov Decision Processes in Polish Spaces[A];第25届中国控制会议论文集(上册)[C];2006年
2 XU WenYao;DU AiMin;;Energy budget of the magnetosphere-ionosphere system in solar Cycle 23[A];中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所2012年度(第12届)学术论文汇编——地磁与空间物理研究室[C];2013年
3 Xiao Yuchao;Yang Fang;Zhou Limeng;Zheng Weihong;Liu Jinsong;;Seasonal variation in body mass and energy budget in Chinese bulbuls Pycnonotus sinensis[A];浙江省动物学会第十二届会员代表大会暨学术讨论会论文摘要集[C];2013年
4 ;Seasonal Variation in the Activity Budget of the Francois Langur(Trachypithecus francoisi):Effect of Food and Temperature[A];第二届全国野生动物生态与资源保护学术讨论会论文摘要集[C];2005年
中国博士学位论文全文数据库 前2条
1 兰光强;Polish空间上一类有限粒子系统的若干性质和泛函不等式[D];北京师范大学;2008年
2 Olga Sebina;卡廷大屠杀事件与波兰对俄态度转变研究:波兰加入欧盟背景下的安全化角色分析[D];吉林大学;2017年
中国硕士学位论文全文数据库 前9条
1 阿可妮丝;波兰加入欧盟:过程、成就和冲击[D];华东师范大学;2009年
2 鲍丽娜;波兰和中国贸易关系[D];华东师范大学;2010年
3 赵幸茹;波兰和平演变中的加速器—里根政府的角色[D];四川外国语大学;2016年
4 康康;冷战后波兰的欧盟战略分析[D];四川大学;2007年
5 Anna Janina Wasik;中国一带一路背景下波兰与中国战略伙伴关系发展[D];浙江大学;2016年
6 苏茉莉;波兰和匈牙利的对华关系比较研究[D];清华大学;2012年
7 韩敏复;波兰1944年华沙起义研究[D];陕西师范大学;2007年
8 钱飞;波兰人移民美国历程研究(1854-1922)[D];华东师范大学;2007年
9 刘颖聪;J公司财务预算管理体系的改进策略研究[D];广东外语外贸大学;2016年
 快捷付款方式  订购知网充值卡  订购热线  帮助中心
  • 400-819-9993
  • 010-62982499
  • 010-62783978