【摘要】：Sino-US relations cover a large range of issue areas. AInong them, trade
relation is unique due to its different development pattern. Focusing on Clinton
Administration, this essay studies America's trade policy to China and analyzes the
elements behind the shaping of the policy.
The essay falls into four parts.
The firSt pan makes a general survey of Sino-US trade relation from the
fOunding of the PRC to the end of Bush Administration. In this period. Ainerica's
fOreign trade policy to China experienced drastic and hard changes.
The second part deals with Clinton's foreign trade policy to China. During the
camPaign, Clifiton criticized President Bush's policy to China and vowed to use the
fOreign trade as a lever to make China improve its human rights conditions. Aner he
was eleCted, Clinton linked China's MFN stat[Js with human rights issue in l993. In
l994, because of various reasons, Clinton de-linked human rights issue from China'S
W stams and began to adopt his "engagemeflt" policy to China. From l995
onward, Clinton tried his best to urge the congress to grant China the MFN status.
The third part contains analyses of the shaping of Clinion's foreign trade
policy to China. The elements which shape the policy-making come from different
layers. At the international level, an interdependent worldprovids the general
phrarnework of Sino-US relations. At the national level, the domestic forces have
influenced AInerica's foreign trade policy. In addition. Clinton's policy naturally
has something to do with his characteristics.
The conclusion of the essay lies in the last part; in the first tWo years of
Clinton Administration, Idealism seemed to be on the rise in his policy-making,
from l994 on, pragmatism and realism began to play a leading role in Clinton's
fOreign trade policy to China.