【摘要】：Chinese and Korean language belong to different language types, while they have common ground in many respects. The existence of "Topic Sentence" is one of that in the two languages. This paper tried to study the similarities and differences of "Topic Sentence" between Chinese and Korean, and hoped that through the contrast we can receive objective understandings on "Topic Sentence". Meanwhile accompany with error analysis will give ideas to the language typology research and the teaching of Chinese as a foreign language.
This thesis mainly includes the following content.
Chapter 1 mainly explained the value and significance of this study, research technique, primary content and structure arrangement of this thesis.
Chapter 2 introduced the situation of "Topic" research of Chinese and Korean in present which included the definition of Chinese topic, topic and subject of Chinese, Chinese topic characteristic and distinction; the function of the topic marker and subject marker in Korean, characteristic of Korean topic and so on.
Chapter 3 contrasted the types of topic sentences in Chinese and Korean and explained the similarities and differences.
Chapter 4 described the topic markers of Korean and Chinese which compare the typical nature and function of topic markers between Chinese and Korean especially.
Chapter 5 analyzed word order characteristics of topic sentences in Chinese and Korean; described the typological characteristics of Chinese and Korean topic sentences from semantics and grammar aspects.
Chapter 6 described the error phenomenon which occurred while Korean students leaning Chinese topic sentences; explained the reasons of mistakes, and proposed the solution.
Chapter 7 is the conclusion which summary several understandings which obtained through the contrast research and some questions which need to be studied in the future.