A study of the difference between males and females in their realization patterns of compliments and compliment responses in Chinese context
【摘要】：Compliments are positive speech acts, which are used to express friendship
and increase rapport between people. A range of previous studies of compliments
and compliment responses has shown that this speech act set is actually more
complicated and revealing than it appears, in terms of the relation between
language, society and culture. It is proven that certain social and individual
variables, such as age, gender, level of education, social status and social
relationship between the interlocutors exert influence on the use of this speech act
The purpose of this study is to examine whether there are any differences
between men and women in their realization patterns of compliments and
compliment responses. The study has two aims: (1). to prove the hypothesis that
there is significant relationship between the variable梘ender and the production /
selection of compliment and compliment response strategies and compliment
formulas utilized by respondents; (2). to explore the reasons why there exist
gender differences in language using.
The study is based on the analytical framework established by Herbert (1989)
and Ye (1995), which is modified by the author for the fulfillment of the purpose
of the present study. The data are elicited by the means of the open-ended
questionnaire called DCT. The subjects involved are a group of 120 Chinese
College students, with 60 males and 60 females. Of the 120 answer sheets, 112 are
The statistical results show that, on the whole, there exist significant
differences between men and women in performing this speech act set. Women
tend to use more Explicit Compliments than men do, while men tend to apply
more Implicit Compliments, Non-Compliments and No Response than women do.
Men and women demonstrate slight difference in using compliment fonnulas.
Women tend to use more adjectives, whereas men tend to apply more nouns.
Men and women also show distinct differences in using compliment response
strategies. Women tend to apply more Acceptance than men, while more men tend
to choose out. Therefore, our null hypothesis can be rejected that there is no
significant relationship between gender and the realization patterns of this speech
We can further assume that females tend to be more polite in performing this
speech act set by using more polite strategies. This might be because men and
women view compliments differently. Men tend to interpret compliments as face
threatening acts, whilst women tend to apply them as strategies for maintaining
solidarity. And although both males and females have face wants, their degrees of
the sensitivity to face wants are different. We can explain these differences from
both social and cultural perspectives.
Men and women differ in language use because they often fill different roles
in society. Men’s dominant position in society leads them to use more assertive
speech style. Whereas women tend to use more polite and standard speech style
because they aspire to a better social status. Furthennore, education serves as an
important factor in gender difference in language using. Boys and girls are taught
to learn their gender-appropriate linguistic behavior during their childhood. Hence,
men learn to be men and women learn to be women, linguistically speaking.
Finally, with the development of the society, women’s social position has
been improved a lot. Society shows more and more concern and respect to women.
These are ref
||阿萨德(Asad Zainelaabden Ahmed Elhassan);苏丹喀土穆炼油厂安全文化评估[D];中国地质大学(北京);2015年