收藏本站
收藏 | 手机打开
二维码
手机客户端打开本文

隐喻话语理解的语用认知研究

徐章宏  
【摘要】:Starting with the premise that conventional metaphor (e.g., 'time is money') is inadequate to reveal the nature of metaphor, the present study attempts to explore the cognitive process of novel metaphor (e.g., 'metaphor is a solar eclipse.') understanding. With Sperber Wilson's relevance theory (1986/1995) as the general conceptual framework, we maintain that novel metaphor understanding is a process of seeking relevance, involving three sub-tasks: identification of explicature (metaphoricity), construction of contextual assumptions and recovery of implicatures, which are mainly based on non-demonstrative inferences. To testify our assumption, we conducted a two-stage experiment, based on the data collected from newspapers, magazines and academic articles. This thesis starts with one of the key issues of metaphor understanding: metaphoricity identification. Unlike the prevalent notion designed to distinguish literal utterances from metaphorical ones, 'metaphoricity' in this thesis is defined as the degree to which an utterance is metaphorical, and the metaphoricity of an utterance is assumed to be manifested in three dominant dimensions: (i) incongruity between Topic and Vehicle; (ii) freshness of a particular Vehicle,given the particular Topic domain; and (iii) associativeness in Vehicle terms. In light of the above criteria, a questionnaire of metaphoricity judgement is conducted, whose results validate the tripartite of metaphoricity identification. The second part of the thesis explores the cognitive process of novel metaphor understanding. As an integral part of metaphor understanding, metaphor-related knowledge is argued to be represented as schemas and/or images, which might account partly for the efficiency and accuracy of metaphor understanding. For the first subtask of the process - explicature identification, we argued that novel metaphors are acts of belief, contributing to explicatures by loosening their lexical concepts. For the second subtask, the construction of contextual assumptions is constrained by several factors, such as (i) the activation of mutual manifest assumptions; (ii) the balance between cognitive adequacy and processing efficiency and (iii) the capability of working memory and encyclopedic memory of the hearer. For the third subtask -implicature recovery, the hearer is supposed to construct 'emergent structures' by the integration of Topic and Vehicle as two mental spaces, in addition to making bridging inferences to obtain the intended interpretations of novel metaphors. On the basis of the above procedures, we attentatively develop a model of metaphor understanding. Related to the cognitive process of novel metaphor understanding is the controversial issue of 'metaphor and effort', which is tackled by exploring the relationship between metaphoricity of an utterance and its processing difficulty in metaphor understanding. We found through experiments that the more metaphorical an utterance, and the more diversified contextual assumption available to the hearer, the more likely for him to be diverted from the intended interpretations, and thus, more difficult for him to derive the correct understanding. As a result, we conclude that novel metaphor understanding is effort-demanding, and that the experimental results are compatible with the prediction made by relevance theory about 'metaphor and effort'. Though we have made a preliminary study of novel metaphor understanding, more substantial research on novel (rather than conventional) metaphor is believed to shed greater light on some really fundamental problems in metaphor studies.


知网文化
【相似文献】
中国期刊全文数据库 前19条
1 张杰;朱亚梅;;The Application of Metaphor in Literature Works and Life[J];快乐阅读;2011年26期
2 王晶;;Metaphor and Cross-cultural Communication[J];科技信息;2009年13期
3 熊雅唯;;Brief Introduction of Conceptual metaphor[J];大众文艺;2010年14期
4 程漫春;;Metaphor: Its Power and Cultural Value[J];海外英语;2014年15期
5 Raymond W.Gibbs;;The Strengths and Weaknesses of Conceptual Metaphor Theory:A View from Cognitive Science[J];外国语(上海外国语大学学报);2008年02期
6 坎曼丽·麦麦提;朱毅;;Metaphor and Translation[J];海外英语;2015年23期
7 姜晴川;;Analysis of Animal Metaphorical Expression[J];校园英语;2016年11期
8 段国祥;;A Contemporary Cognitive Analysis of Metaphor[J];海外英语;2011年01期
9 龚腾龙;;Literature Review of Studies on Metaphor[J];校园英语;2015年09期
10 张胜床;;Metaphorical Study of Translation of Chinese Words[J];科技信息;2011年20期
11 马兰慧;;The Translation of Metaphor Based on Relevance Theory[J];海外英语;2016年21期
12 王存娟;;Review of Metaphors We Live By[J];科技视界;2016年23期
13 弥忠全;;A Study of the English Metaphor[J];大众文艺;2010年09期
14 贾燕梅;;The Complexity of Metaphor[J];科教文汇(中旬刊);2007年05期
15 周余筱;;Cognitive Interpretation of Synaesthesia Metaphors Based on Blending Space Theory[J];海外英语;2018年10期
16 张璐璐;;A Contrastive Study of Chinese and English Animal-metaphor Idioms —A Sociolinguistic Perspective[J];海外英语;2015年14期
17 陶子凤;;Conceptual Metaphor Translation Model and Its Application in Translating Liao Songs[J];海外英语;2015年15期
18 Yi Sun;Ya Guo;;A Cognitive Account of Metaphor Translation in Two Chinese Versions of The Wind in the Willows[J];Language and Semiotic Studies;2018年01期
19 夏正华;;数学课堂教学中隐喻语言艺术应用研究——以两位熟手型教师课堂教学实录为例[J];数学通报;2017年03期
中国重要会议论文全文数据库 前10条
1 ;An Overview of Metaphor Research[A];语言与文化研究(第一辑)[C];2007年
2 毛峻凌;;A Cognitive-Pragmatic Approach to Metaphor:an Inquiry into Systematic Mappings and Processing Effort[A];东北亚外语论坛(2018 NO.1 总第5期)[C];2018年
3 李妙;;隐喻力、创造力与儿童教学(英文)[A];第四届全国认知语言学研讨会论文摘要汇编[C];2006年
4 安虹;;A Comparative Study of Bird Metaphors in Chinese and English Poetry[A];第四届全国认知语言学研讨会论文摘要汇编[C];2006年
5 ;APPLICATION OF METAPHORICAL SEMEIOTICS IN ID[A];2006年中国机械工程学会年会暨中国工程院机械与运载工程学部首届年会论文集[C];2006年
6 毛永波;;隐喻扩展与义项建立[A];中国辞书学文集[C];1998年
7 汤漫江;;A Contrastive Study on Information Transference From English To Chinese——An Analysis Of Two Chinese Versions Of A Tale Of Two Cities[A];贵州省翻译工作者协会2005年会暨学术交流会论文集[C];2005年
8 殷瑾懿;;浅谈英语修辞格明喻Simile和暗喻Metaphor[A];中华教育理论与实践科研论文成果选编(第二卷)[C];2012年
9 Richard N.Stichler;;Confucius and Comparative Philosophy[A];国际儒学研究(第十三辑)[C];2004年
10 鲍志坤;;英汉情感语言表达的结构对比研究[A];第六届中国跨文化交际研究会年会论文摘要汇编[C];2005年
中国博士学位论文全文数据库 前10条
1 徐章宏;隐喻话语理解的语用认知研究[D];广东外语外贸大学;2002年
2 邱舟艳;新奇隐喻在语言交际中之效力[D];上海外国语大学;2012年
3 郭爱萍;明喻和隐喻的心理语言学研究[D];上海外国语大学;2010年
4 陶玫;教育隐喻的文化认知研究[D];西南大学;2015年
5 石磊;中国学生隐喻能力发展研究[D];山东大学;2012年
6 毛凡宇;语法隐喻的认知与功能研究[D];上海外国语大学;2011年
7 王磊;圣经寓言故事的认知阐释[D];上海外国语大学;2008年
8 王晶芝;元旦社论中的概念隐喻历时研究[D];东北师范大学;2012年
9 黄立华;贝克特戏剧文本中隐喻的认知研究[D];上海交通大学;2008年
10 许焕荣;基于投射的隐喻篇章研究[D];上海外国语大学;2011年
中国硕士学位论文全文数据库 前10条
1 胡小婧;[D];西安外国语大学;2015年
2 文雅;电影《十二生肖》中概念隐喻的认知分析[D];广西师范大学;2015年
3 陈伟济;“风”、“雨”隐喻用法英汉语对比研究[D];广州大学;2013年
4 高磊;从认知角度谈隐喻及其意义[D];西安电子科技大学;2004年
5 陶滢冰;中英歌曲中“爱”隐喻的认知比较研究[D];湖南师范大学;2014年
6 张盼莉;[D];西安外国语大学;2015年
7 李文竞;对隐喻教学的探讨[D];中国石油大学;2007年
8 孔德艳;BBS网络语言隐喻的认知研究[D];华北电力大学(河北);2008年
9 陆全;论隐喻的本质与意义[D];华中师范大学;2000年
10 曹迁平;英汉隐喻的文化研究[D];江西师范大学;2004年
 快捷付款方式  订购知网充值卡  订购热线  帮助中心
  • 400-819-9993
  • 010-62982499
  • 010-62783978