收藏 | 手机打开

Researching L2 Word Knowledge Depth and Its Acquisition Pattern: A Cross-sectional Study of Chinese EFL Learners in the Classroom Setting

【摘要】:L2 vocabulary learning in the classroom setting in China belongs in one of the major aspects of foreign language learning. Research into L2 vocabulary acquisition usually follows two lines of research: one looking into the expansion of vocabulary size, and the other, the development of receptive and productive knowledge about individual words. The former has received a lot of attention and witnessed great achievements in the past few decades, whereas the latter has so far been little studied in the field of second language acquisition research. This study investigated, within a single theoretical framework, the English vocabulary development with respect to the receptive and productive mastery of four types of knowledge about individual words. Some current theories of L2 vocabulary acquisition were examined, and then based on these representative theories, a tentative conceptual framework was first established which identified three relevant factors and the relationship among these factors. To explore the developmental pattern of L2 word knowledge across learners of different English proficiency, the data for this study were collected in three-month period from 100 students of English. Among them 75 were university students majoring in English, and 25 were senior high school students. In addition, 22 native speakers of English were used as a control group. The primary data consisted of two parts: (a) participants' performance on a receptive knowledge test, and (b) participants' performance on a productive knowledge test. Quantitative and qualitative analyses of the collected data yield the following major findings. First, regarding receptive mastery of word knowledge, the route of development followed by the Chinese participants is word class →meaning → affix → collocation, but regarding productive mastery of word knowledge, the route of development followed by Chinese participants is meaning → word class → affix →collocation, and the route followed by native speakers of English is meaning → affix/collocation → word class. Second, the Chinese participants appeared to have a better mastery of receptive word knowledge than productive word knowledge, and the gap remained despite the improvement of participants' L2 proficiency. Third, native speaker participants exhibited an exclusive superiority over Chinese participants in the productive mastery of collocation, while Chinese participants' superiority manifested in both receptive and productive mastery of word class. Fourth, receptive ability to use word knowledge failed to turn into corresponding productive ability for the Chinese participants at all proficiency levels, and the dual mastery of both receptive and productive word meaning appeared to be mostly incomplete. The above findings are discussed by drawing on the theory of language processing and the salient features of the English teaching and learning in China. Two conceptual frameworks are finally prop osed as an attempt to theorize the acquisition of word knowledge in the classroom setting.

中国期刊全文数据库 前17条
1 唐美莲;;Prevalence and status of pre-hospital treatments of risk factors among patients with stroke in China[J];China Medical Abstracts(Internal Medicine);2016年01期
2 曹慧丽;;Relation between uric acid and coronary artery calcification: a community-based cross-sectional survey among Beijing natural population[J];China Medical Abstracts(Internal Medicine);2013年03期
3 ;A cross-sectional study on HGV infection in a rural population[J];World Journal of Gastroenterology;1998年06期
4 ;Cross-sectional Study on Their Reproductive Health Status of 604 Fem ale Floating Residents in Beijing[J];Reproduction & Contraception;1999年01期
5 李静,王家良,陈学芳,童式国,方静,俞红吉;Cross-sectional survey of intralymphocytic and serum elements in hypertensive patients[J];Chinese Medical Journal;1999年07期
6 XU Qiu-hua;CAI Zong-wu;FANG Ying;;Panel data models with cross-sectional dependence: a selective review[J];Applied Mathematics:A Journal of Chinese Universities;2016年02期
7 ;Optimization of Cross-sectional Shapes of the Bi-2223/Ag Wires before Flat Rolling[J];Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering;2009年06期
8 ;Cross-sectional Anatomy and Clinical Meanings of the Extraocular Muscles and Related Structures in Orbit[J];生物医学工程学杂志;2005年S1期
9 Zhi-Feng Li;Jie-Jin Cai;Qin Zeng;Wen-Jie Zeng;;Burnup analysis for the pebble-bed fluoride-salt-cooled high-temperature reactor based on the energy-dependent elastic scattering cross-sectional model[J];Nuclear Science and Techniques;2018年09期
10 Alberto Stefano Tagliafico;;Peripheral nerve imaging: Not only cross-sectional area[J];World Journal of Radiology;2016年08期
11 Wang Weijie;Tang Xiaopo;Wang Xinchang;Jiang Quan;Fan Yongsheng;;Classifying rheumatoid arthritis by Traditional Chinese Medicine Zheng: a multi-center cross-sectional study[J];Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine;2019年03期
13 张炎;朴玮;纪颖;;Social Determinants of Health Behaviors in Primary School Children:A Cross-sectional Study of both Migrant and Resident Children in Beijing,China[J];Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology(Medical Sciences);2016年02期
14 Yi-Cong Ye;Hong-Zhi Xie;Xi-Liang Zhao;Shu-Yang Zhang;;Subclinical hypothyroidism and the metabolic syndrome:A meta-analysis of cross-sectional studies[J];World Journal of Meta-Analysis;2013年02期
15 邱华;葛明桥;;Radial Yarn Movement in Yarn Duct of Interlacer[J];Journal of Donghua University(English Edition);2010年06期
16 ;Understanding Human Development Potentials and Demands for Greenhouse Gas Emissions:with Empirical Analysis using time series and cross-sectional data[J];Chinese Journal of Population,Resources and Environment;2004年01期
17 赵悦;侯凌;高洪杰;詹迪;张偲;罗小平;;Independent Relationship between Body Mass Index and LH Peak Value of GnRH Stimulation Test in ICPP Girls: A Cross-sectional Study[J];Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology(Medical Sciences);2017年04期
中国重要会议论文全文数据库 前10条
1 HAN Duo-lan;ZHAO Hao-zuo;GAO Fei;WANG Xu-ying;CUI Zhuang;LI Chang-ping;LIU Yuan-yuan;马骏;;Determinants of glycemic control among diabetic patients in Tianjin:hospital based cross sectional study[A];2017年中国卫生统计学学术年会论文集[C];2017年
2 liZhang;YaoHe;ChangshuiWeng;;Cross-sectional Study on Prevalence and Risk Factors of Falls in Chinese Veteran Elderly[A];中华医学会第十五次全国物理医学与康复学学术会议论文集[C];2014年
3 Fei Gao;Jiageng Chen;Xiaoqian Liu;Xuying Wang;Haozuo Zhao;Duolan Han;Xiyue Jing;Yuanyuan Liu;Zhuang Cui;Changping Li;Jun Ma;;Latent class analysis suggests four classes of persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus based on complications and comorbidities in Tianjin,China:a cross-sectional analysis[A];2017年中国卫生统计学学术年会论文集[C];2017年
4 Ye Tian;Jie Ma;Lu Huang;Qing-zhong Pan;Xin-jie Song;Su-zhen Wang;;Prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable diseases in some county residents of Shandong province,china(2015):a cross-sectional study[A];2017年中国卫生统计学学术年会论文集[C];2017年
5 Han MA;Chengfu XU;Zhe SHEN;Chaohui YU;Youming LI;;Application of Machine Learning Techniques for Clinical Predictive Modeling:a Cross-sectional Study on Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease[A];2014年浙江省内科学学术年会青年医师论坛暨内科常见病规范化诊疗国家级学习班论文汇编[C];2014年
6 马龙;陈克敏;;Primary Hepatic Angiosarcoma:Findings at CT and MR Imaging[A];中华医学会第十三届全国放射学大会论文汇编(下册)[C];2006年
7 王洁;崔炎;卞茸文;莫永珍;巫海娣;陈玲;;Validation of the Chinese version of the Walking Impairment Questionnaire in patients with both Peripheral Arterial Disease and Type 2 Diabetic Mellitus[A];中华医学会第十次全国内分泌学学术会议论文汇编[C];2011年
8 Robin ST Ho;Wu Xinyin;Vincent CH Chung;Daisy Fung;Samuel YS Wong;Justin CW Wu;;Are Meta-analyses of Chinese Herbal Medicine Trials Trustworthy and Clinically Applicable?A Cross-sectional Study[A];第十四届全国中药和天然药物学术研讨会论文摘要[C];2014年
9 caixiu mai;hong shi;;Prevalence Rate and Risk factors associated with Urinary Incontinence in Adult women in Dalian——A cross sectional survey[A];中华医学会第十次全国妇产科学术会议妇科肿瘤会场(妇科肿瘤学组、妇科病理学组)论文汇编[C];2012年
10 ;impact of family history of diabetes on β-cell function in people with NGT[A];中华医学会第十次全国内分泌学学术会议论文汇编[C];2011年
中国博士学位论文全文数据库 前1条
1 刘绍龙;[D];广东外语外贸大学;2002年
中国硕士学位论文全文数据库 前1条
1 Yao Yi;[D];广东外语外贸大学;2001年
 快捷付款方式  订购知网充值卡  订购热线  帮助中心
  • 400-819-9993
  • 010-62982499
  • 010-62783978